Door-to-door prevalence survey of epilepsy in three sicilian municipalities

Walter A. Rocca, G. Savettieri, D. W. Anderson, F. Meneghini, F. Grigoletto, L. Morgante, A. Reggio, G. Salemi, F. Patti, R. Di Perri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

A door-to-door prevalence survey of epilepsy was conducted in 3 Sicilian municipalities, as of November 1, 1987. In phase 1, the screening by questionnaire of 24,496 eligible subjects (participation = 92%) identified 544 suspected to have epilepsy. In phase 2, neurological evaluation of the 544 subjects yielded 111 with epilepsy. Of the 111 subjects, 103 (93%) had been previously diagnosed, 68 (61%) were taking antiepileptic medication, and 81 (73%) had active epilepsy. Referring to the 81 subjects with active epilepsy, the seizure type was generalized in 60 (74%), partial in 19 (23%) and undetermined in 2 (3%). The prevalence of active epilepsy (per 1,000 population) was 3.3 overall, 3.5 for men and 3.2 for women. The age-specific patterns for active epilepsy differed by sex, with higher figures for men at younger ages (5-19 years) and older ages (50-99 years). The age-specific prevalence figures for active epilepsy were lower than those from previous Italian surveys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-241
Number of pages5
JournalNeuroepidemiology
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001

Keywords

  • Epilepsy
  • Prevalence
  • Screening
  • Sicily
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Rocca, W. A., Savettieri, G., Anderson, D. W., Meneghini, F., Grigoletto, F., Morgante, L., Reggio, A., Salemi, G., Patti, F., & Di Perri, R. (2001). Door-to-door prevalence survey of epilepsy in three sicilian municipalities. Neuroepidemiology, 20(4), 237-241. https://doi.org/10.1159/000054796