Does stereotype threat affect women in academic medicine?

Diana Jill Burgess, Anne Joseph, Michelle Van Ryn, Molly Carnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multiple complex factors contribute to the slow pace of women's advancement into leadership positions in academic medicine. In this article, the authors propose that stereotype threat-under which individuals who are members of a group characterized by negative stereotypes in a particular domain perform below their actual abilities in that domain when group membership is emphasized-may play an important role in the underrepresentation of women in leadership positions in academic medicine. Research to objectively assess the impact of stereotype threat for women in academic medicine is feasible and necessary to confirm this hypothesis. Still, a number of conditions present in the academic medicine community today have been shown to trigger stereotype threat in other settings, and stereotype threat fits with existing research on gender in academic medicine. In the meantime, academic health centers should implement relatively simple measures supported by experimental evidence from other settings to reduce the risk of stereotype threat, including (1) introducing the concept of stereotype threat to the academic medicine community, (2) engaging all stakeholders, male and female, to promote identity safety by enacting and making faculty aware of policies to monitor potential instances of discrimination, and training faculty to provide performance feedback that is free of gender bias, (3) counteracting the effects of sex segregation at academic health centers by increasing exposure to successful female leaders, (4) reducing gender stereotype priming by avoiding stereotypically male criteria for promotion, grants, and awards, and (5) building leadership efficacy among female physicians and scientists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)506-512
Number of pages7
JournalAcademic Medicine
Volume87
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

stereotype
Medicine
medicine
threat
leadership
Sexism
gender
Aptitude
Organized Financing
advancement of women
Health
Research
health
group membership
segregation
community
Physicians
grant
Safety
discrimination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Burgess, D. J., Joseph, A., Van Ryn, M., & Carnes, M. (2012). Does stereotype threat affect women in academic medicine? Academic Medicine, 87(4), 506-512. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0b013e318248f718

Does stereotype threat affect women in academic medicine? / Burgess, Diana Jill; Joseph, Anne; Van Ryn, Michelle; Carnes, Molly.

In: Academic Medicine, Vol. 87, No. 4, 04.2012, p. 506-512.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burgess, DJ, Joseph, A, Van Ryn, M & Carnes, M 2012, 'Does stereotype threat affect women in academic medicine?', Academic Medicine, vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 506-512. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0b013e318248f718
Burgess, Diana Jill ; Joseph, Anne ; Van Ryn, Michelle ; Carnes, Molly. / Does stereotype threat affect women in academic medicine?. In: Academic Medicine. 2012 ; Vol. 87, No. 4. pp. 506-512.
@article{eea6489f994848df9cf1aeb918995370,
title = "Does stereotype threat affect women in academic medicine?",
abstract = "Multiple complex factors contribute to the slow pace of women's advancement into leadership positions in academic medicine. In this article, the authors propose that stereotype threat-under which individuals who are members of a group characterized by negative stereotypes in a particular domain perform below their actual abilities in that domain when group membership is emphasized-may play an important role in the underrepresentation of women in leadership positions in academic medicine. Research to objectively assess the impact of stereotype threat for women in academic medicine is feasible and necessary to confirm this hypothesis. Still, a number of conditions present in the academic medicine community today have been shown to trigger stereotype threat in other settings, and stereotype threat fits with existing research on gender in academic medicine. In the meantime, academic health centers should implement relatively simple measures supported by experimental evidence from other settings to reduce the risk of stereotype threat, including (1) introducing the concept of stereotype threat to the academic medicine community, (2) engaging all stakeholders, male and female, to promote identity safety by enacting and making faculty aware of policies to monitor potential instances of discrimination, and training faculty to provide performance feedback that is free of gender bias, (3) counteracting the effects of sex segregation at academic health centers by increasing exposure to successful female leaders, (4) reducing gender stereotype priming by avoiding stereotypically male criteria for promotion, grants, and awards, and (5) building leadership efficacy among female physicians and scientists.",
author = "Burgess, {Diana Jill} and Anne Joseph and {Van Ryn}, Michelle and Molly Carnes",
year = "2012",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1097/ACM.0b013e318248f718",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "87",
pages = "506--512",
journal = "Academic Medicine",
issn = "1040-2446",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does stereotype threat affect women in academic medicine?

AU - Burgess, Diana Jill

AU - Joseph, Anne

AU - Van Ryn, Michelle

AU - Carnes, Molly

PY - 2012/4

Y1 - 2012/4

N2 - Multiple complex factors contribute to the slow pace of women's advancement into leadership positions in academic medicine. In this article, the authors propose that stereotype threat-under which individuals who are members of a group characterized by negative stereotypes in a particular domain perform below their actual abilities in that domain when group membership is emphasized-may play an important role in the underrepresentation of women in leadership positions in academic medicine. Research to objectively assess the impact of stereotype threat for women in academic medicine is feasible and necessary to confirm this hypothesis. Still, a number of conditions present in the academic medicine community today have been shown to trigger stereotype threat in other settings, and stereotype threat fits with existing research on gender in academic medicine. In the meantime, academic health centers should implement relatively simple measures supported by experimental evidence from other settings to reduce the risk of stereotype threat, including (1) introducing the concept of stereotype threat to the academic medicine community, (2) engaging all stakeholders, male and female, to promote identity safety by enacting and making faculty aware of policies to monitor potential instances of discrimination, and training faculty to provide performance feedback that is free of gender bias, (3) counteracting the effects of sex segregation at academic health centers by increasing exposure to successful female leaders, (4) reducing gender stereotype priming by avoiding stereotypically male criteria for promotion, grants, and awards, and (5) building leadership efficacy among female physicians and scientists.

AB - Multiple complex factors contribute to the slow pace of women's advancement into leadership positions in academic medicine. In this article, the authors propose that stereotype threat-under which individuals who are members of a group characterized by negative stereotypes in a particular domain perform below their actual abilities in that domain when group membership is emphasized-may play an important role in the underrepresentation of women in leadership positions in academic medicine. Research to objectively assess the impact of stereotype threat for women in academic medicine is feasible and necessary to confirm this hypothesis. Still, a number of conditions present in the academic medicine community today have been shown to trigger stereotype threat in other settings, and stereotype threat fits with existing research on gender in academic medicine. In the meantime, academic health centers should implement relatively simple measures supported by experimental evidence from other settings to reduce the risk of stereotype threat, including (1) introducing the concept of stereotype threat to the academic medicine community, (2) engaging all stakeholders, male and female, to promote identity safety by enacting and making faculty aware of policies to monitor potential instances of discrimination, and training faculty to provide performance feedback that is free of gender bias, (3) counteracting the effects of sex segregation at academic health centers by increasing exposure to successful female leaders, (4) reducing gender stereotype priming by avoiding stereotypically male criteria for promotion, grants, and awards, and (5) building leadership efficacy among female physicians and scientists.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84859423847&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84859423847&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/ACM.0b013e318248f718

DO - 10.1097/ACM.0b013e318248f718

M3 - Article

VL - 87

SP - 506

EP - 512

JO - Academic Medicine

JF - Academic Medicine

SN - 1040-2446

IS - 4

ER -