OBJECTIVES: Patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and basal septal thickness <18mm are often considered unsuitable candidates for myectomy. Mitral valve (MV) replacement is frequently performed instead. We aimed to determine whether septal thickness affects outcomes and adequacy of myectomy. METHODS: Clinical and echocardiographic data were reviewed for 1486 consecutive adult patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy who underwent transaortic septal myectomy from January 2005 through December 2014. Comparisons between patients, grouped by septal thickness (<18 mm, n = 369; 18-21 mm, n = 612 and >21 mm, n = 505), were performed with the Kruskal-Wallis and the Pearson χ2 tests and semiparametric analysis of covariance. RESULTS: Median group ages were 57, 57 and 54 years (P = 0.007); men comprised 50.4%, 56.7% and 62.0%, respectively (P = 0.003). Intrinsic MV disease was present in 5.9%, 5.2% and 4.6%, respectively (P = 0.80). All patients underwent transaortic septal myectomy. Additional mitral procedures were performed in 7.6%, 7.8% and 8.1%, respectively (P = 0.90). Reasons for MV surgery included intrinsic MV disease (66.7%), residual mitral regurgitation (30.8%) and residual gradient (2.6%). All groups had postoperative gradient relief (median reduction: 51, 54 and 50 mmHg; P = 0.11). Ventricular septal defect occurred in 4 patients (0.3%), and risk did not differ by group (P = 0.24). CONCLUSIONS: Adequate relief of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction can be achieved via transaortic septal myectomy without concomitant MV procedures when septal thickness is < 18 mm, and the risk of ventricular septal defect is minimal. Concomitant MV repair/replacement should be reserved for patients with intrinsic MV disease or inadequate relief of mitral regurgitation/left ventricular outflow tract obstruction following adequate extended septal myectomy.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Mitral valve
- Septal thickness
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine