Background: The objective of this study was to determine whether reconstruction of the proximal pole of the scaphoid with a proximal hamate graft restores native carpal kinematics. Methods: A cadaveric study was designed assessing wrist kinematic after proximal hamate graft for proximal pole of the scaphoid nonunion. Wireless sensors were mounted to the carpus using a custom pin and suture anchor system to 8 cadavers. A wrist simulator was used to move the wrist through a cyclical motion about the flexion/extension and radial/ulnar deviation axes. Each specimen was tested under a series of 3 conditions: (1) a native state, “Intact”; (2) fractured scaphoid proximal pole, “Fracture”; and (3) post-reconstruction of the proximal pole of the scaphoid using a proximal hamate graft, “Graft.” Results: The fracture condition resulted in a statistically significant change in scapholunate kinematics across the entire arc of motion relative to the intact condition. Reconstruction with proximal hamate grafts restored scapholunate kinematics close to the intact state in both flexion/extension and radial/ulnar deviation axes. The lunocapitate flexion during wrist flexion was significantly different after the hamate graft reconstruction. Conclusions: Proximal hamate to scaphoid transfer resulted in restoration of near normal carpal kinematics to the intact state.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2022|
- hamate autograft
- scaphoid nonunion
- unsalvageable proximal pole
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine