Does Prior Surgery for Femoroacetabular Impingement Compromise Hip Arthroplasty Outcomes?

Luke S. Spencer-Gardner, Christopher L. Camp, J. Ryan Martin, Rafael J. Sierra, Robert T. Trousdale, Aaron Krych

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Open and arthroscopic approaches have been described to address femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Despite good outcomes, there is a subset of patients who subsequently require total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, there is a paucity of data on the outcomes of THA after surgery for FAI. The purpose of this study was to determine whether clinical outcomes of THA are affected by prior open or arthroscopic treatment of FAI. Methods: This case-matched retrospective review included 23 patients (24 hips) that underwent THA after previous surgery for FAI (14 arthroscopic and 10 open) and compared them to 24 matched controls with no history of prior surgery on the operative hip. The controls were matched for age, sex, surgical approach, implants used, and preoperative modified Harris hip score (mHHS) did not differ between groups. The primary outcome measure was the mHHS. Operative time, blood loss, and the presence of heterotopic ossification after THA were also compared between groups. Results: There was no significant difference in mean mHHS between the FAI treatment group 92.9 ± 12.7 and controls 95.2 ± 6.6 (P = .43) at a mean follow-up after THA of 33 (24-70) months. Increased operative times were noted for THA after surgical hip dislocation (SHD; mean 109.3 ± 29.8) compared to controls (mean 88.0 ± 24.2; P < .05). There was no significant difference in blood loss between groups. The occurrence of heterotopic ossification was significantly higher after SHD compared to controls (P < .05). Conclusions: Clinical outcomes after THA are not affected by prior open or arthroscopic procedures for FAI. However, increased operative times and an increased risk of heterotopic ossification were noted after SHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Dec 20 2015

Fingerprint

Femoracetabular Impingement
Arthroplasty
Hip
Heterotopic Ossification
Operative Time
Hip Dislocation

Keywords

  • Femoroacetabular impingement
  • Hip arthroplasty
  • Hip arthroscopy
  • Outcomes
  • Surgical hip dislocation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Does Prior Surgery for Femoroacetabular Impingement Compromise Hip Arthroplasty Outcomes? / Spencer-Gardner, Luke S.; Camp, Christopher L.; Martin, J. Ryan; Sierra, Rafael J.; Trousdale, Robert T.; Krych, Aaron.

In: Journal of Arthroplasty, 20.12.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Spencer-Gardner, Luke S. ; Camp, Christopher L. ; Martin, J. Ryan ; Sierra, Rafael J. ; Trousdale, Robert T. ; Krych, Aaron. / Does Prior Surgery for Femoroacetabular Impingement Compromise Hip Arthroplasty Outcomes?. In: Journal of Arthroplasty. 2015.
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abstract = "Background: Open and arthroscopic approaches have been described to address femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Despite good outcomes, there is a subset of patients who subsequently require total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, there is a paucity of data on the outcomes of THA after surgery for FAI. The purpose of this study was to determine whether clinical outcomes of THA are affected by prior open or arthroscopic treatment of FAI. Methods: This case-matched retrospective review included 23 patients (24 hips) that underwent THA after previous surgery for FAI (14 arthroscopic and 10 open) and compared them to 24 matched controls with no history of prior surgery on the operative hip. The controls were matched for age, sex, surgical approach, implants used, and preoperative modified Harris hip score (mHHS) did not differ between groups. The primary outcome measure was the mHHS. Operative time, blood loss, and the presence of heterotopic ossification after THA were also compared between groups. Results: There was no significant difference in mean mHHS between the FAI treatment group 92.9 ± 12.7 and controls 95.2 ± 6.6 (P = .43) at a mean follow-up after THA of 33 (24-70) months. Increased operative times were noted for THA after surgical hip dislocation (SHD; mean 109.3 ± 29.8) compared to controls (mean 88.0 ± 24.2; P < .05). There was no significant difference in blood loss between groups. The occurrence of heterotopic ossification was significantly higher after SHD compared to controls (P < .05). Conclusions: Clinical outcomes after THA are not affected by prior open or arthroscopic procedures for FAI. However, increased operative times and an increased risk of heterotopic ossification were noted after SHD.",
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