Do trauma activations affect interruptions in the emergency department?

Katherine L. Forsyth, Hunter J. Hawthorne, Anna R. Linden, Nibras El-Sherif, Rachelen S. Varghese, Susan Hallbeck, Renaldo Blocker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Clinicians have anecdotally indicated that interruptions increase following trauma activations in the emergency department (ED), yet it is unknown whether interruptions change following the end of a trauma case. This study aimed to examine the interruption characteristics of clinicians that participate in trauma activations before and after activations using the SEIPS model. Observers shadowed ED clinicians across entire shifts and logged interruptions that affected clinicians in a tablet PC-based tool. Interruption characteristics captured included duration, nature, location, and task priority. Trauma activations lasting more than five minutes were also recorded. Only interruptions occurring within one-hour of trauma activations were included in the analysis. Chi-square analyses identified significant associations between SEIPS-categorized interruptions and the interruption priority, p < 0.01, and between the SEIPS-categorized interruptions and the interruption location, p = 0.01, pre- and post-trauma activations. Identifying these associations revealed key opportunities to reduce unnecessary interruptions in the ED.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2017 International Annual Meeting, HFES 2017
PublisherHuman Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.
Pages643-647
Number of pages5
Volume2017-October
ISBN (Electronic)9780945289531
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
EventHuman Factors and Ergonomics Society 2017 International Annual Meeting, HFES 2017 - Austin, United States
Duration: Oct 9 2017Oct 13 2017

Other

OtherHuman Factors and Ergonomics Society 2017 International Annual Meeting, HFES 2017
CountryUnited States
CityAustin
Period10/9/1710/13/17

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

Cite this

Forsyth, K. L., Hawthorne, H. J., Linden, A. R., El-Sherif, N., Varghese, R. S., Hallbeck, S., & Blocker, R. (2017). Do trauma activations affect interruptions in the emergency department? In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2017 International Annual Meeting, HFES 2017 (Vol. 2017-October, pp. 643-647). Human Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1177/1541931213601645