Diurnal curve of the ocular perfusion pressure

Fabio N. Kanadani, T. C.A. Moreira, B. S.P. Bezerra, M. P. Vianello, J. Corradi, S. K. Dorairaj, T. S. Prata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the diurnal variation of the ocular perfusion pressure (OPP) in normal, suspects and glaucoma patients. Materials and methods: Seventy-nine subjects were enrolled in a prospective study. The diurnal curve of intraocular pressure (IOP) was performed and blood pressure measurements were obtained. Each participant was grouped into one of the following based upon the clinical evaluation of the optic disk, IOP and standard achromatic perimetry (SAP): 18 eyes were classified as normal (normal SAP, normal optic disk evaluation and IOP < 21 mm Hg in two different measurements), 30 eyes as glaucoma suspect (GS) (normal SAP and mean deviation (MD), C/D ration > 0.5 or asymmetry > 0.2 and/or ocular hypertension), 31 eyes as early glaucoma (MD < –6 dB, glaucomatous optic neuropathy and SAP and MDs on SAP. Standard achromatic perimetry was performed with the Octopus 3.1.1 Dynamic 24-2 program. Intraocular pressure and blood pressure measurements were taken at 6 am, 9 am, 12, 3 and 6 pm. The patients stayed in the seated position for 5 minutes prior to blood pressure measurements. Results: The mean IOP values in all groups did not follow any regular pattern. The peak IOP was found to be greater in suspect [18.70 ± 3.31 (mm Hg ± SD)] and glaucoma (18.77 ± 4.30 mm Hg) patients as compared to normal subjects (16.11 ± 2.27 mm Hg). In studying the diurnal variation of the OPP, we found lower values at 3 pm in normals (34.21 ± 2.07 mm Hg), at 9 am in suspects (54.35 ± 3.32 mm Hg) and at 12 pm in glaucoma patients (34.84 ± 1.44 mm Hg). Conclusion: Each group has a specific OPP variation during the day with the most homogeneous group being the suspect one. It is important to keep studying the IOP and OPP variation for increased comprehension of the pathophysiology of glaucomatous optic neuropathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4-6
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Current Glaucoma Practice
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Diurnal curve
  • Glaucoma
  • Ocular perfusion pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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    Kanadani, F. N., Moreira, T. C. A., Bezerra, B. S. P., Vianello, M. P., Corradi, J., Dorairaj, S. K., & Prata, T. S. (2016). Diurnal curve of the ocular perfusion pressure. Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice, 10(1), 4-6. https://doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10008-1195