Urocortin (Ucn), a newly identified member of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) family, is not only expressed in the brain, but also abundantly present in the peripheral tissues, especially in the gastrointestinal tract (GI) as determined by radioimmuoassay. In order to determine the precise localization of urocorin in the GI, we mapped the distribution of urocortin-like immunoreactivity (ir) in the GI of the rat using an immunofluorescence histochemical technique. Ucn, both in the brain and the peripheral tissues, is involved in the regulatory control of host-defense mechanism during stress. In order to study the possible involvement of the sympathetic system in the expression of GI urocortin in response to stress, we examined the effect of chemical sympathectomy on urocortin-ir and its colocalization with tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). UCn was expressed in all parietal cells of the stomach, myenteric and submucosal plexuses as well as in cells in Lieberkühn crypts of the small and large intestine. Most of the acid secreting parietal cells contained both Ucn and TH. Chemical sympathectomy did not affect Ucn immunoreactivity of parietal cells.
- Double immunofluorescence labeling
- Gastric ulcer
- Stress ileus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience