Cells with an endothelial phenotype can be cultured from peripheral blood. These cells include cells of a monocytic origin with endothelial features (culture-modified mononuclear cells, CMMCs) and, at later time points, blood outgrowth endothelial cells (BOECs). Both are promising candidates for systemic cell-based cardiovascular therapies and each may have unique capabilities. Indeed, the combined use of both cell types has been shown to have synergistic therapeutic features requiring simultaneous delivery. However, the majority of preclinical studies of cell delivery have used splenectomized animals to increase systemic distribution. The goal of this study was to directly compare the distribution of these two cell types following systemic delivery in an intact animal model. A similar pattern of delivery was seen following delivery of both cell types with detection in the lung, liver, bone marrow, and spleen. Taken together, the data suggest that strategies using systemic delivery of circulation-derived cells must consider the distribution and efficiency of delivery in intact animals.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology