Distal Radioulnar Joint Instability: Assessment of Three Intraoperative Radiographic Stress Tests

Joseph A. Gil, Lindsay R. Kosinski, Kalpit N. Shah, Julia A. Katarincic, Sanjeev Kakar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study is to describe three radiographic stress tests that could be used to examine for distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability intraoperatively, and to determine their ability to detect DRUJ instability after sequentially sectioning the DRUJ. Methods: Eleven fresh frozen cadaveric upper extremities (mean age 52.6 ± 14.9 years) were obtained. We sequentially sectioned the DRUJ. After each component of the DRUJ was sectioned, we performed three radiographic stress tests—squeeze test, ulnar pull in coronal plane, and simulated DRUJ ballotment test. Results: The squeeze test detected a significant increase in diastasis relative to the intact DRUJ after sectioning of the foveal insertion of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC; 1.0 mm) and the distal oblique bundle (DOB; 1.2 mm). The ulnar pull test in the coronal plane detected a significant increase in diastasis relative to the intact DRUJ after sectioning of the dorsal and volar radioulnar ligaments (2 mm), the foveal insertion of the TFCC (2.6 mm), and the DOB (4.4 mm). The simulated DRUJ ballotment test detected a significant increase in dorsal translation of the ulna relative to the intact DRUJ with sectioning of the foveal insertion of the TFCC (4.9 mm) and the DOB (5.6 mm). Conclusion: The squeeze test and simulated DRUJ ballotment test detect a significant increase in diastasis after the foveal attachment of the TFCC was sectioned. The ulnar pull test in the coronal plane was the most sensitive test for detecting a significant increase in diastasis relative to the intact DRUJ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHand
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • distal radioulnar joint
  • distal radioulnar joint instability
  • instability
  • stress examination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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