Twenty-seven patients who had a unilateral displaced intra-articular fracture of the calcaneus were managed with a cast instead of with reduction or an operation. The clinical result after a mean of six years (range, two to ten years) was excellent in five patients, good in five, fair in seven, and poor in ten. The sixteen patients who were re-examined for this study and for whom the gait was analyzed demonstrated abnormalities in ground-reaction force with regard to vertical force (F3) and temporal force factors (T2, T3, T6, and T9). Analysis of temporal and distance factors showed a trend toward a decreased proportion of single-limb support on the involved side. Three- dimensional motion analysis of the ankle and hindfoot was performed with electrogoniometers as the subject walked on a level surface, on a 10-degree side-slope, and up and down stairs. Motion was decreased in the sagittal, coronal, and transverse planes during walking on level ground and on a side- sloping surface. Significant decreases in motion in these planes were also seen during walking up and down stairs. Although these patients did not have a subsequent reconstructive operation, most had a residual functional deficit.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine