Disparities in access to autologous breast reconstruction

David J. Restrepo, Maria T. Huayllani, Daniel Boczar, Andrea Sisti, Minh Doan T. Nguyen, Jordan J. Cochuyt, Aaron C. Spaulding, Brian D. Rinker, Galen Perdikis, Antonio J. Forte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and objectives: This study aimed to determine if age, race, region, insurance, and comorbidities affect the type of breast reconstruction that patients receive. Materials and methods: This analysis used the Florida Inpatient Discharge Dataset from 1 January 2013 to 30 September 2017, which contains deidentified patient-level administrative data from all acute care hospitals in the state of Florida. We included female patients, diagnosed with breast cancer, who underwent mastectomy and a subsequent breast reconstruction. We performed an χ2 test and logistic regression in this analysis. Results: On the multivariable analysis, we found that age, race, patient region, insurance payer, and Elixhauser score were all variables that significantly affected the type of reconstruction that patients received. Our results show that African American (odds ratio (OR): 0.68, 95%CI: 0.58–0.78, p < 0.001) and Hispanic or Latino (OR: 0.82, 95%CI: 0.72–0.93, p = 0.003) patients have significantly lower odds of receiving implant reconstruction when compared to white patients. Patients with Medicare (OR: 1.57, 95%CI: 1.33–1.86, p < 0.001) had significantly higher odds and patients with Medicaid (OR: 0.61, 95%CI: 0.51–0.74, p < 0.001) had significantly lower odds of getting autologous reconstruction when compared to patients with commercial insurance. Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that, in the state of Florida over the past years, variables, such as race, region, insurance, and comorbidities, play an important role in choosing the reconstruction modality. More efforts are needed to eradicate disparities and give all patients, despite their race, insurance payer, or region, equal access to health care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number281
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalMedicina (Lithuania)
Volume56
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Autologous reconstruction
  • Breast cancer
  • Breast reconstruction
  • Disparities
  • Florida
  • Public health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Restrepo, D. J., Huayllani, M. T., Boczar, D., Sisti, A., Nguyen, M. D. T., Cochuyt, J. J., Spaulding, A. C., Rinker, B. D., Perdikis, G., & Forte, A. J. (2020). Disparities in access to autologous breast reconstruction. Medicina (Lithuania), 56(6), 1-9. [281]. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56060281