Disorders of potassium homeostasis: Pathophysiology and management

Sumedh S. Hoskote, Shashank R. Joshi, Amit K. Ghosh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Disorders of potassium homeostasis are common electrolyte abnormalities encountered in hospitalized patients. Hypokalemia and hyperkalemia have been estimated to occur in about 21% and 3% of hospitalized patients, respectively; though the morbidity and mortality associated with the latter is significantly higher. Potassium is a predominantly intracellular ion and the understanding of its dynamics between intra- and extracellular fluid milieus, along with its handling by the kidneys, is important in the diagnosis and treatment of potassium disorders. This article aims to provide a clinically relevant update on management of potassium disorders for internists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)685-693
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Association of Physicians of India
Volume56
Issue numberSEPTEMBER
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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