Disgust sensitivity and anxiety disorder symptoms: Psychometric properties of the disgust emotion scale

Bunmi O. Olatunji, Craig N. Sawchuk, Peter J. De Jong, Jeffrey M. Lohr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent research has implicated disgust sensitivity in the etiology of specific anxiety disorders. The Disgust Emotion Scale (DES) is a newly developed measure that was designed to improve the assessment of disgust sensitivity. The present study examines the psychometric properties of the DES. Exploratory factor analysis in Study 1 revealed five factors of disgust towards: (1) rotting foods, (2) blood and injection, (3) smells, (4) mutilation and death, and (5) small animals. The DES demonstrated adequate internal consistency and convergent validity. Significant positive correlations were found between the five factors of the DES and blood-injection-injury fears and obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms. Confirmatory factor analysis in Study 2 provided support for the five-factor model. However, there was indication of item overlap within the factors. These findings suggest that the DES is a reliable measure of disgust as it relates to specific anxiety disorder symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-124
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007

Keywords

  • Anxiety symptoms
  • Disgust sensitivity
  • Factor analysis
  • Measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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