Disease relevance of phosphorylated ubiquitin (p-S65-Ub)

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Abstract

Here, we present a summary of our recent findings on the (patho-) physiological relevance of PINK1-phosphorylated ubiquitin (p-S65-Ub). Using novel polyclonal antibodies, we find that p-S65-Ub specifically accumulates on damaged mitochondria. Phosphorylation of ubiquitin on serine 65 depends on the activity of PINK1 and the signal is vastly amplified by the activity of the E3 ubiquitin ligase PARK2/Parkin in a feed-forward loop. The induction of p-S65-Ub in primary cells suggests a significant role of p-S65-Ub also in neurons. Consistent with a marker for damaged mitochondria that are undergoing mitophagy, we find anti-p-S65-Ub immunoreactive granules that partially colocalize with mitochondria, lysosomes and ubiquitin in human post-mortem brain. The number of pS65-Ub positive granules increases with age and with PD, highlighting the relevance of p-S65-Ub as a potential biomarker and therapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2125-2126
Number of pages2
JournalAutophagy
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Autophagy
  • Mitochondria
  • Mitochondrial quality control
  • Mitophagy
  • PARK2/Parkin
  • Parkinson disease
  • Phosphorylated ubiquitin
  • PINK1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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