Discharge to a rehabilitation facility is associated with decreased 30-day readmission in elective spinal surgery

Nicholas B. Abt, Brandon A. McCutcheon, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Meghan Murphy, Lorenzo Rinaldo, Jeremy Fogelson, Ahmad Nassr, Bradford L. Currier, Mohamad Bydon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of our study was to determine independent predictors of discharge disposition to rehabilitation or skilled care (SC) facilities and investigate whether discharge location is associated with unplanned readmission and/or reoperation rates. All elective spinal surgery patients in a national surgical registry were analyzed using between 2011 and 2012. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to assess for predictors of discharge to rehabilitation or SC facilities versus home as well as to determine whether discharge disposition was significantly associated with the 30-day unplanned readmission or reoperation. Of 34,023 elective spinal surgery patients, the distribution of discharge locations was as follows: 30,606 (90.0%) discharged home, 1674 (4.9%) discharged to rehabilitation, and 1743 (5.1%) discharged to SC. Patients discharged home were associated with the lowest complication rate relative to rehabilitation and SC facilities. Following multivariable regression analysis, there was a significant increase in the odds of discharge to rehabilitation associated with age, male gender, current smoking, ASA class three and four, history of diabetes, operative time, total hospital length of stay, preoperative neurologic morbidity and having at least one postoperative morbidity event. Moreover, there were 804 (4.06%) 30-day unplanned readmissions and 822 (2.45%) unplanned reoperations. After risk adjustment, discharge to rehabilitation was independently associated with decreased odds of 30-day unplanned readmission (OR = 0.41; p = 0.008) but not reoperation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume36
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Keywords

  • Discharge
  • Disposition
  • Nsqip
  • Readmission
  • Rehabilitation
  • Spinal surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Abt, N. B., McCutcheon, B. A., Kerezoudis, P., Murphy, M., Rinaldo, L., Fogelson, J., Nassr, A., Currier, B. L., & Bydon, M. (2017). Discharge to a rehabilitation facility is associated with decreased 30-day readmission in elective spinal surgery. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 36, 37-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2016.10.029