Direct uterine sampling with the Tao brush sampler using a liquid-based preparation method for the detection of endometrial cancer and atypical hyperplasia: A feasibility study

Benjamin R. Kipp, Fabiola Medeiros, Michael B. Campion, Tammy J. Distad, Lisa M. Peterson, Gary L. Keeney, Kevin C. Halling, Amy C. Clayton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Endometrial cytology sampling devices for direct uterine sampling have been shown in previous studies to be a reliable and relatively painless method for detecting endometrial lesions. The purpose of the current study was to determine the performance characteristics of endometrial cytology for the detection of malignancy and atypical hyperplasia using liquid-based cytology specimens collected with the Tao brush sampler.METHODS. Brushings of the endometrial cavity were obtained from 139 hysterectomy specimens before routine histopathologic evaluation. Cytology specimens were fixed in PreservCyt and processed using ThinPrep technology. Cytology diagnoses were classified as nondiagnostic, negative, atypical, or positive for malignancy. Histopathologic findings were used as the gold standard for determining the performance characteristics of cytology. RESULTS. Histopathologic results from the 139 patients included 81 (58%) endometrial cancers, 7 (5%) complex hyperplasias with atypia, 2 (1%) complex hyperplasias without atypia, and 49 (35%) patients with benign histology. The number of specimens diagnosed cytologically as positive, atypical, negative, or nondiagnostic was 60 (43%), 40 (29%), 37 (27%), and 2 (1%) specimens, respectively. The overall sensitivity and specificity of cytology for detecting endometrial cancer and atypical hyperplasia were 95% and 66% when atypical cytology specimens were considered positive. CONCLUSIONS. The results of the current study indicate that direct endometrial sampling by liquid-based endometrial cytology collected with the Tao brush sampler produces specimens that contain cellular material that may be identified as endometrial cancer or atypical hyperplasia. Both atypical and positive cytology diagnose are indications triage to more specific methodes of diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-235
Number of pages8
JournalCancer
Volume114
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 25 2008

Keywords

  • Collection devices
  • Cytology screening
  • Endometrioid cancer
  • ThinPrep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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