Direct-conversion molecular breast imaging of invasive breast cancer: Imaging features, extent of invasive disease, and comparison between invasive ductal and lobular histology

Amy Lynn Conners, Katie N. Jones, Carrie B Hruska, Jennifer R. Geske, Judy C Boughey, Deborah Rhodes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The purposes of this study were to compare the tumor appearance of invasive breast cancer on direct-conversion molecular breast imaging using a standardized lexicon and to determine how often direct-conversion molecular breast imaging identifies all known invasive tumor foci in the breast, and whether this differs for invasive ductal versus lobular histologic profiles. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Patients with prior invasive breast cancer and concurrent direct-conversion molecular breast imaging examinations were retrospectively reviewed. Blinded review of direct-conversion molecular breast imaging examinations was performed by one of two radiologists, according to a validated lexicon. Direct-conversion molecular breast imaging findings were matched with lesions described on the pathology report to exclude benign reasons for direct-conversion molecular breast imaging findings and to document direct-conversion molecular breast imaging-occult tumor foci. Associations between direct-conversion molecular breast imaging findings and tumor histologic profiles were examined using chi-square tests. RESULTS. In 286 patients, 390 invasive tumor foci were present in 294 breasts. A corresponding direct-conversion molecular breast imaging finding was present for 341 of 390 (87%) tumor foci described on the pathology report. Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) tumor foci were more likely to be a mass (40% IDC vs 15% invasive lobular carcinoma [ILC]; p <0.001) and to have marked intensity than were ILC foci (63% IDC vs 32% ILC; p <0.001). Direct-conversion molecular breast imaging correctly revealed all pathology-proven foci of invasive disease in 79.8% of cases and was more likely to do so for IDC than for ILC (86.1% vs 56.7%; p <0.0001). Overall, direct-conversion molecular breast imaging showed all known invasive foci in 249 of 286 (87%) patients. CONCLUSION. Direct-conversion molecular breast imaging features of invasive cancer, including lesion type and intensity, differ by histologic subtype. Direct-conversion molecular breast imaging is less likely to show all foci of ILC compared with IDC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)W374-W381
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume205
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Invasive ductal carcinoma
  • Invasive lobular carcinoma
  • Molecular breast imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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