Diplopia after strabismus surgery for adults with nondiplopic childhood-onset strabismus

Jenny Y. Wang, David A. Leske, Sarah R. Hatt, Jonathan M. Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To describe frequency of postoperative diplopia after strabismus surgery in nondiplopic adults with childhood-onset strabismus and to report health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) outcomes. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 79 adults with no diplopia in any gaze who had childhood-onset strabismus and were scheduled for strabismus surgery. Diplopia was assessed preoperatively and at 6 weeks and 1 year postoperatively using a standardized diplopia questionnaire with 5 response options in 7 gaze positions. HRQOL was assessed using the Adult Strabismus-20 (AS-20) questionnaire, with self-perception, interactions, reading function, and general function domains. Results: Constant diplopia in straight-ahead distance and reading gaze occurred in 1 patient (1% [95% CI, 0%-7%] at 6 weeks and 2% [95% CI, 0%-10%] at 1 year). Regarding the rate of any diplopia (including rarely) in any gaze, 15 of 78 patients (19%) reported diplopia at 6 weeks, of whom 13 had diplopia in straight-ahead distance gaze; 8 (10%), in reading gaze. At 1 year, 8 of 51 patients (16%) reported any diplopia (including rarely) in any gaze, of whom 7 had diplopia in straight-ahead distance gaze and 4 (8%) in reading gaze. Mean AS-20 scores improved at 1 year overall (by 32, 19, 14, and 15 points, resp., per domain) and for the 8 diplopic patients (by 21, 13, 16, and 11 points). Conclusions: In adults with nondiplopic strabismus, constant postoperative diplopia is rare, although the rate of intermittent diplopia is higher. Even when postoperative diplopia occurs, HRQOL often improves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of AAPOS
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Diplopia
Strabismus
Reading
Quality of Life
Self Concept

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Ophthalmology

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Diplopia after strabismus surgery for adults with nondiplopic childhood-onset strabismus. / Wang, Jenny Y.; Leske, David A.; Hatt, Sarah R.; Holmes, Jonathan M.

In: Journal of AAPOS, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Purpose: To describe frequency of postoperative diplopia after strabismus surgery in nondiplopic adults with childhood-onset strabismus and to report health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) outcomes. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 79 adults with no diplopia in any gaze who had childhood-onset strabismus and were scheduled for strabismus surgery. Diplopia was assessed preoperatively and at 6 weeks and 1 year postoperatively using a standardized diplopia questionnaire with 5 response options in 7 gaze positions. HRQOL was assessed using the Adult Strabismus-20 (AS-20) questionnaire, with self-perception, interactions, reading function, and general function domains. Results: Constant diplopia in straight-ahead distance and reading gaze occurred in 1 patient (1{\%} [95{\%} CI, 0{\%}-7{\%}] at 6 weeks and 2{\%} [95{\%} CI, 0{\%}-10{\%}] at 1 year). Regarding the rate of any diplopia (including rarely) in any gaze, 15 of 78 patients (19{\%}) reported diplopia at 6 weeks, of whom 13 had diplopia in straight-ahead distance gaze; 8 (10{\%}), in reading gaze. At 1 year, 8 of 51 patients (16{\%}) reported any diplopia (including rarely) in any gaze, of whom 7 had diplopia in straight-ahead distance gaze and 4 (8{\%}) in reading gaze. Mean AS-20 scores improved at 1 year overall (by 32, 19, 14, and 15 points, resp., per domain) and for the 8 diplopic patients (by 21, 13, 16, and 11 points). Conclusions: In adults with nondiplopic strabismus, constant postoperative diplopia is rare, although the rate of intermittent diplopia is higher. Even when postoperative diplopia occurs, HRQOL often improves.",
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