BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Diagnosing spontaneous intracranial hypotension and associated CSF leaks can be challenging, and additional supportive imaging findings would be useful to direct further evaluation. This retrospective study evaluated whether there was a difference in the prevalence of calvarial hyperostosis in a cohort of patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension compared with an age- and sex-matched control population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional imaging (CT of the head or brain MR imaging examinations) for 166 patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension and 321 matched controls was assessed by neuroradiologists blinded to the patient’s clinical status. The readers qualitatively evaluated the presence of diffuse or layered calvarial hyperostosis and measured calvarial thickness in the axial and coronal planes. RESULTS: A significant difference in the frequency of layered hyperostosis (31.9%, 53/166 subjects versus 5.0%, 16/321 controls, P, .001, OR ¼ 11.58) as well as the frequency of overall (layered and diffuse) hyperostosis (38.6%, 64/166 subjects versus 13.2%, 42/ 321 controls, P, .001, OR ¼ 4.66) was observed between groups. There was no significant difference in the frequency of diffuse hyperostosis between groups (6.6%, 11/166 subjects versus 8.2%, 26/321 controls, P ¼ .465). A significant difference was also found between groups for calvarial thickness measured in the axial (P, .001) and coronal (P, .001) planes. CONCLUSIONS: Layered calvarial hyperostosis is more prevalent in spontaneous intracranial hypotension compared with the general population and can be used as an additional noninvasive brain imaging marker of spontaneous intracranial hypotension and an underlying spinal CSF leak.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology