Differentiation of the atrioventricular node, the atrioventricular bundle and the bundle branches in the bovine heart: An immunohistochemical and enzyme histochemical study

Sture Forsgren, Emanuel Strehler, Lars Eric Thornell

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The previous observations of differences between different cardiac regions (ventricular myocardium, atrial myocardium, Purkinje fibre system) with respect to the maturation of the M-line region and the establishment of mature metabolic characteristics, have been extended. It was found that M-line maturation proceeds differently also between different regions of the conduction system. The M-line proteins, myomesin and MM-creatine kinase, were detected earlier, by means of immunohistochemistry, in the AV bundle and bundle branch cells than in the AV node cells. Also, a difference was observed in large foetuses. Striations in the AV node were less evident than in the AV bundle and the bundle branches in sections incubated with antibodies against myomesin as well as against MM-creatine kinase. Using enzyme histochemistry it was observed that the differences in metabolic properties between the AV node, the AV bundle and the bundle branches on the one hand, and the ordinary myocardium on the other, of adult hearts, are not established at the early stages. No clear difference in activity of succinate dehydrogenase was seen between the conduction tissues and the ordinary myocardium in the foetal hearts, while the conduction tissues showed a lower activity in the adult hearts. Furthermore, the pattern of activity of mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase between the conduction tissues and the atrial and ventricular myocardium was quite different in early foetal stages compared with the adult stage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1099-1111
Number of pages13
JournalThe Histochemical Journal
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 1983


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Cell Biology

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