Dietary patterns, eating behaviors, and bone mineral density in women runners

David B. Snead, Cindy C. Stubbs, Judy Y. Weltman, William S. Evans, Johannes D Veldhuis, Alan D. Rogol, C. David Teates, Arthur Weltman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although reduced gonadal steroid hormone concentrations appear to play a major role in lower trabecular bone mineral density (BMD) in women with athletic amenorrhea, dietary deficiencies and eating behaviors may also affect BMD in women runners. To investigate this possibility, dietary patterns (7-d records), eating-disorders inventory (EDI), and BMD were examined in nine nonrunning eumenorrheic control (Contl) and 32 women runners classified as eumenorrheic (n = 19, Eumen) and oligo/amenorrheic (a group in which some were oligomenorrheic and some were amenorrheic; Ol/Am, n = 13), Runner groups had similar cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, and training characteristics. Lumbar spine BMD was lower in the Ol/Am runners (-12%. P < 0.05) but proximal femur BMD did not differ. Dietary intake and EDI subscale scores were similar among the groups. However, there was an inverse trend between EDI subscale scores for bulimia and ineffectiveness and femoral BMD in the Ol/Am runners (r = -0.62 to -0.71. P < 0.05). These results suggest that self-reported dietary intake and/or eating behaviors do not predict reproductive-function alterations in women runners, but eating behaviors may be associated with lower BMD in Ol/Am runners.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)705-711
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume56
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

bone density
Feeding Behavior
eating habits
Bone Density
eating disorders
Equipment and Supplies
food intake
amenorrhea
lumbar spine
binging
Bulimia
Amenorrhea
Gonadal Steroid Hormones
steroid hormones
thighs
Thigh
Body Composition
femur
sports
Femur

Keywords

  • Amenorrhea
  • Athletes
  • Eating attitudes
  • Eating disorders
  • Eumenorrhea
  • Exercise
  • Exertion
  • Menstrual cycle
  • Oligomenorrhea
  • Physical fitness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Snead, D. B., Stubbs, C. C., Weltman, J. Y., Evans, W. S., Veldhuis, J. D., Rogol, A. D., ... Weltman, A. (1992). Dietary patterns, eating behaviors, and bone mineral density in women runners. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 56(4), 705-711.

Dietary patterns, eating behaviors, and bone mineral density in women runners. / Snead, David B.; Stubbs, Cindy C.; Weltman, Judy Y.; Evans, William S.; Veldhuis, Johannes D; Rogol, Alan D.; David Teates, C.; Weltman, Arthur.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 56, No. 4, 1992, p. 705-711.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Snead, DB, Stubbs, CC, Weltman, JY, Evans, WS, Veldhuis, JD, Rogol, AD, David Teates, C & Weltman, A 1992, 'Dietary patterns, eating behaviors, and bone mineral density in women runners', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 705-711.
Snead DB, Stubbs CC, Weltman JY, Evans WS, Veldhuis JD, Rogol AD et al. Dietary patterns, eating behaviors, and bone mineral density in women runners. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1992;56(4):705-711.
Snead, David B. ; Stubbs, Cindy C. ; Weltman, Judy Y. ; Evans, William S. ; Veldhuis, Johannes D ; Rogol, Alan D. ; David Teates, C. ; Weltman, Arthur. / Dietary patterns, eating behaviors, and bone mineral density in women runners. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1992 ; Vol. 56, No. 4. pp. 705-711.
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