Dietary fat in relation to all-cause mortality and cancer progression and death among people with metastatic colorectal cancer: Data from CALGB 80405 (Alliance)/SWOG 80405

Erin L. Van Blarigan, Chao Ma, Fang Shu Ou, Tiffany M. Bainter, Alan P. Venook, Kimmie Ng, Donna Niedzwiecki, Edward Giovannucci, Heinz Josef Lenz, Blase N. Polite, Howard S. Hochster, Richard M. Goldberg, Robert J. Mayer, Charles D. Blanke, Eileen M. O'Reilly, Kristen K. Ciombor, Jeffrey A. Meyerhardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Data on diet and survival among people with metastatic colorectal cancer are limited. We examined dietary fat in relation to all-cause mortality and cancer progression or death among 1149 people in the Cancer and Leukemia Group B (Alliance)/Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) 80405 trial who completed a food frequency questionnaire at initiation of treatment for advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer. We examined saturated, monounsaturated, total and specific types (n-3, long-chain n-3 and n-6) of polyunsaturated fat, animal and vegetable fats. We hypothesized higher vegetable fat intake would be associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality and cancer progression. We used Cox proportional hazards regression to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Over median follow-up of 6.1 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 5.3, 7.2 y), we observed 974 deaths and 1077 events of progression or death. Participants had a median age of 59 y; 41% were female and 86% identified as White. Moderate or higher vegetable fat was associated with lower risk of mortality and cancer progression or death (HRs comparing second, third and fourth to first quartile for all-cause mortality: 0.74 [0.62, 0.90]; 0.75 [0.61, 0.91]; 0.79 [0.63, 1.00]; P trend:.12; for cancer progression or death: 0.74 [0.62, 0.89]; 0.78 [0.64, 0.95]; 0.71 [0.57, 0.88]; P trend:.01). No other fat type was associated with all-cause mortality and cancer progression or death. Moderate or higher vegetable fat intake may be associated with lower risk of cancer progression or death among people with metastatic colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • advanced cancer
  • animal fat
  • nutrition
  • survival
  • vegetable fat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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