Diazepam versus midazolam for colonoscopy: a prospective evaluation of predicted versus actual dosing requirements

Gregory G. Ginsberg, James H. Lewis, Jane E. Gallagher, David E. Fleischer, Firas H. Al-Kawas, Cuong C. Nguyen, Diane J. Mundt, Stanley B. Benjamin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

We performed a prospective, randomized, double-blind study to evaluate the efficacy of the currently recommended low doses of midazolam for conscious sedation compared with diazepam for colonoscopy. Each agent was administered in a fixed ratio dose in combination with meperidine, and titrated incrementally to allow for adequate sedation prior to initiating and during the procedure. The currently recommended starting dose of midazolam (0.03 mg/kg) proved to be very appropriate for pre-medication. In contrast, the currently recommended starting dose of diazepam (0.10 mg/kg) proved excessive in 21% of patients (especially in those aged >65). The low initial and incremental doses of midazolam compared favorably with diazepam in all efficacy parameters studied and exceeded diazepam in post-procedure amnesia scores (p = 0.01). Moreover, the sedative effects of midazolam at these lower doses were not lost despite long duration procedures (>40 min). We conclude that midazolam, given in small incremental doses, in combination with meperidine, produces effective conscious sedation for colonoscopy and exceeds diazepam in its amnestic effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)651-656
Number of pages6
JournalGastrointestinal endoscopy
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology

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    Ginsberg, G. G., Lewis, J. H., Gallagher, J. E., Fleischer, D. E., Al-Kawas, F. H., Nguyen, C. C., Mundt, D. J., & Benjamin, S. B. (1992). Diazepam versus midazolam for colonoscopy: a prospective evaluation of predicted versus actual dosing requirements. Gastrointestinal endoscopy, 38(6), 651-656. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-5107(92)70559-8