Although rarely encountered in the United States, urinary tract schistosomiasis occurs commonly in many countries in the eastern hemisphere. Travel and immigration may contribute to imported cases of schistosomiasis. Excessive morbidity and increased mortality, including the development of urinary-tract squamous-cell carcinoma, are associated with untreated Schistosoma haematobium infection. Therefore, in the appropriate clinical context, all efforts should be made to rule out infectious and readily treatable causes of chronic hematuria. The presence of characteristic eggs in the urinary sediment is the usual means of diagnosing a S. haematobium infection. Additionally, the small and less commonly encountered miracidium stage of S. haematobium may also be present in the urine, which is another means of diagnosing urinary tract schistosomiasis. The present report describes a case in which a miracidium was detected in a fresh, unstained urine specimen. As detection of miracidia can be made in specimens also processed by routine cytologic methods, it behooves cytologists to be aware of this entity for the diagnosis of schistosomiasis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine