Diagnostic performance of MR elastography and vibration-controlled transient elastography in the detection of hepatic fibrosis in patients with severe to morbid obesity

Jun Chen, Meng Yin, Jayant A. Talwalkar, Jennifer Oudry, Kevin J. Glaser, Thomas C. Smyrk, Véronique Miette, Laurent Sandrin, Richard L. Ehman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance and examination success rate of magnetic resonance (MR) elastography and vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE) in the detection of hepatic fibrosis in patients with severe to morbid obesity. Materials and Methods: This prospective and HIPAA-compliant study was approved by the institutional review board. A total of 111 patients (71 women, 40 men) participated. Written informed consent was obtained from all patients. Patients underwent MR elastography with two readers and VCTE with three observers to acquire liver stiffness measurements for liver fibrosis assessment. The results were compared with those from liver biopsy. Each pathology specimen was evaluated by two hepatopathologists according to the METAVIR scoring system or Brunt classification when appropriate. All imaging observers were blinded to the biopsy results, and all hepatopathologists were blinded to the imaging results. Examination success rate, interobserver agreement, and diagnostic accuracy for fibrosis detection were assessed. Results: In this obese patient population (mean body mass index = 40.3 kg/m2; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 38.7 kg/m2, 41.8 kg/m2]), the examination success rate was 95.8% (92 of 96 patients) for MR elastography and 81.3% (78 of 96 patients) or 88.5% (85 of 96 patients) for VCTE. Interobserver agreement was higher with MR elastography than with biopsy (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.95 vs 0.89). In patients with successful MR elastography and VCTE examinations (excluding unreliable VCTE examinations), both MR elastography and VCTE had excellent diagnostic accuracy in the detection of clinically significant hepatic fibrosis (stage F2-F4) (mean area under the curve: 0.93 [95% CI: 0.85, 0.97] vs 0.91 [95% CI: 0.83, 0.96]; P = .551). Conclusion: In this obese patient population, both MR elastography and VCTE had excellent diagnostic performance for assessing hepatic fibrosis; MR elastography was more technically reliable than VCTE and had a higher interobserver agreement than liver biopsy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-428
Number of pages11
JournalRadiology
Volume283
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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