Conventional plasma isoenzyme and enzyme values usually are normal during the first few hours of acute myocardial infarction. Thus definitive diagnosis may be delayed. We have shown recently that infarction in dogs can be detected within 1 hr after coronary occlusion by analysis of relative activities of MM creatine kinase (CK) isoforms in plasma. Isoforms of MM CK evolve through posttranslational modifications in plasma of the form released from tissue (MM(A)) to MM(B) and MM(C). In this study we quantified changes in isoform profiles in the first available plasma samples from patients with evolving myocardial infarction, from patients with angina, and from normal subjects. In the 26 control subjects, the ratio of MM(A) to MM(C) was 1.09 ± 0.45 (SE) (range 0.31 to 3.1; upper limit of normal [defined as the mean plus 2 SD] 2.5). In the seven control patients with coronary artery disease, the ratio of MM(A) to MM(C) was 1.3 ± 0.3 with a range of 0.5 to 2.5. In contrast, among the 28 patients with acute myocardial infarction, the ratio of MM(A) to MM(C) in the first available plasma sample averaged 14.6 ± 4.5 (p < .01 compared with both control groups). First available samples were obtained 3.9 ± 0.4 hr after the onset of pain. In 24 of 28 patients (86%) the ratio of MM(A) to MM(C) was greater than 2.5. Thus unequivocal changes in isoform profiles were evident in samples in which total and MB CK were within normal limits (79.7 ± 6.2 IU/liter for total CK and 4.4 ± 0.4 IU/liter for MB CK in patients with infarction compared with 90 ± 6.5 and 68 ± 11 IU/liter for total CK and 4.5 ± 0.4 and 4 ± 0.8 IU/liter for MB CK in normal control subjects and patients with angina, respectively). Accordingly, diagnostic changes in CK isoform profiles occur early after the onset of acute myocardial infarction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)