Developmental perspectives in pediatric psychopharmacology

B. Vitiello, P. S. Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Compared with adults, children and adolescents respond to psychotropic madications in some distinctive ways that have implications for both efficacy and safety. Age-related differences in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics account for some of these difference. But while the disposition of several psychotropics in children has been studied, the pharmacodynamic effects of the interaction between the drug and the developing brain are still largely unknown. There is now evidence that the major neurotransmitter systems undergo developmental changes that can extend into the second decade of life. Data from various animal models also show that the administration of psychotropics in the pre- and perinatal period can interfere with the development and produce permanent changes in the neurotransmitter system in question. The extrapolation of these data to humans is difficult. Given the increasing use of psychotropics in the pediatric age, the need emerges for systematic investigation on long-term effects of these dregs on the developing brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-81
Number of pages7
JournalPsychopharmacology bulletin
Volume31
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

Keywords

  • children
  • development
  • psychopharmacology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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