Development and initial testing of a new socioeconomic status measure based on housing data

Young J Juhn, Timothy J. Beebe, Dawn M. Finnie, Jeff A Sloan, Philip H. Wheeler, Barbara Yawn, Arthur R. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with many health outcomes. Commonly used datasets such as medical records often lack data on SES but do include address information. The authors sought to determine whether an SES measure derived from housing characteristics is associated with other SES measures and outcomes known to be associated with SES. The data come from a telephone survey of parents/guardians of children aged 1-17 years who resided in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and Jackson County, Missouri. Seven variables related to housing and six neighborhood characteristics obtained from local government assessor's offices in Olmsted County, Minnesota, were appended to survey responses. An SES index derived from housing characteristics (hereafter, HOUSES) was constructed using principal components factor analysis. For criterion validity, we assessed Pearson's correlation coefficients between HOUSES and other SES measures, including self-reported parents' educational levels, income, Hollingshead Index, and Nakao-Treas Index. For construct validity, we determined the association between HOUSES and outcomes, risks of low birth weight, overweight, and smoking exposure at home. We applied HOUSES to subjects in another community by formulating HOUSES from housing data of subjects in Jackson County, Missouri, using the same statistical algorithm as HOUSES for subjects in Olmsted County, Minnesota. We found that HOUSES had modest to good correlation with other SES measures. Overall, as hypothesized, HOUSES was inversely associated with outcome measures assessed among subjects from both counties. HOUSES may be a useful surrogate measure of individual SES in epidemiologic research, especially when SES measures for individuals are not available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)933-944
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Urban Health
Volume88
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

Fingerprint

Social Class
social status
housing
parents
Parents
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Local Government
Low Birth Weight Infant
construct validity
Principal Component Analysis
Telephone
Statistical Factor Analysis
Medical Records
telephone
smoking
factor analysis
Smoking
income
lack
Health

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Health
  • Housing
  • Neighborhood
  • Socioeconomic status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Development and initial testing of a new socioeconomic status measure based on housing data. / Juhn, Young J; Beebe, Timothy J.; Finnie, Dawn M.; Sloan, Jeff A; Wheeler, Philip H.; Yawn, Barbara; Williams, Arthur R.

In: Journal of Urban Health, Vol. 88, No. 5, 10.2011, p. 933-944.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Juhn, Young J ; Beebe, Timothy J. ; Finnie, Dawn M. ; Sloan, Jeff A ; Wheeler, Philip H. ; Yawn, Barbara ; Williams, Arthur R. / Development and initial testing of a new socioeconomic status measure based on housing data. In: Journal of Urban Health. 2011 ; Vol. 88, No. 5. pp. 933-944.
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