Development and characterization of enhanced green fluorescent protein and luciferase expressing cell line for non-destructive evaluation of tissue engineering constructs

Jeremy S. Blum, Johnna S. Temenoff, Hansoo Park, John A. Jansen, Antonios G. Mikos, Michael A Barry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations


This study investigates the utility of genetically modified cells developed for the qualitative and quantitative non-destructive evaluation of cells on biomaterials. The Fisher rat fibroblastic cell line has been genetically modified to stably express the reporter genes enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) and luciferase. These reporter genes provide two unique opportunities to evaluate cell growth on materials without destruction of the sample. Utilizing the fluorescence of EGFP expressed in the cells, we were able to demonstrate distribution of cells in a oligo(poly(ethylene glycol) fumarate) hydrogel material and on a titanium fiber mesh scaffold using an inverted fluorescent light microscope. In addition, we were able to utilize a molecular light imaging system to macroscopically image the cells on these materials both with fluorescence and luminescence, as well as quantify the signal from the samples. Quantification of cell growth on the titanium mesh material for a period of 28 days was accomplished using the molecular light imaging system. Imaging was extended in vivo to cells on the titanium mesh scaffolds subcutaneously implanted in Fisher rats for a period of 28 days. This study outlines a non-destructive method to evaluate cells growing on biomaterials in vitro and in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5809-5819
Number of pages11
Issue number27
StatePublished - Dec 2004
Externally publishedYes



  • Genetically modified cells
  • Imaging
  • Reporter genes
  • Tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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