Developing a modular architecture for creation of rule-based clinical diagnostic criteria

Na Hong, Guoqian D Jiang, Jyotishman Pathak, Christopher G. Chute

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

With recent advances in computerized patient records system, there is an urgent need for producing computable and standards-based clinical diag-nostic criteria. For example, constructing rule-based clinical diagnosis criteria has become one of the goals in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-11 revision. However, few studies have been done in building a unified architecture to support the need for diagnostic criteria computerization. In this study, we present a modular architecture for creation of rule-based clinical di-agnostic criteria leveraging Semantic Web technologies. The architecture con-sists of two major modules: one is an authoring module that utilizes a standards-based information model and the other is a translation module that utilizes Se-mantic Web Rule Language (SWRL). In a prototype implementation, for the authoring module, we developed a diagnostic criteria upper ontology that inte-grates ICD-11 content model with Quality Data Model (QDM); for the transla-tion module, we developed a transformation tool that converts QDM-based di-agnostic criteria into Semantic Web Rule Language (SWRL) representation. We evaluated the domain coverage of the upper ontology model by annotating 20 randomly selected diagnostic criteria. We also tested the transformation al-gorithms using 6 QDM templates for ontology population and 15 QDM-based criteria data for rule generation. In summary, our efforts in developing and pro-totyping a modular architecture provide useful insights into building a scalable solution to support diagnostic criteria representation and computerization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCEUR Workshop Proceedings
PublisherCEUR-WS
Volume1428
StatePublished - 2015
EventInternational Workshop on Biomedical Data Mining, Modeling, and Semantic Integration: A Promising Approach to Solving Unmet Medical Needs, BDM2I 2015 - co-located with the 14th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2015 - Bethlehem, United States
Duration: Oct 11 2015 → …

Other

OtherInternational Workshop on Biomedical Data Mining, Modeling, and Semantic Integration: A Promising Approach to Solving Unmet Medical Needs, BDM2I 2015 - co-located with the 14th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2015
CountryUnited States
CityBethlehem
Period10/11/15 → …

Keywords

  • Diagnostic criteria
  • ICD-11
  • Ontology
  • QDM
  • SWRL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)

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