Pulmonary artery hypertension in patients with left ventricular dysfunction is related to poor outcome but the role of cardiac functional abnormalities in the genesis of pulmonary hypertension remains unknown. The aim of this prospective study was to identify the determinants of pulmonary hypertension in 102 consecutive patients with primary left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction < 50%). Systolic pulmonary artery pressure was measured by continuous wave Doppler. Left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, severity of functional mitral regurgitation, cardiac output, and left atrial volume were assessed using Doppler echocardiography. In patients with left ventricular dysfunction, systolic pulmonary artery pressure was increased (51 +/- 14 mmHg, range 23 to 87 mmHg). Mitral deceleration time (r = -0.61; p = 0.0001) and mitral effective regurgitant orifice (r = 0.50; p = 0.0001) were the strongest parameters related to systolic pulmonary artery pressure. Multivariate analysis identified these two variables as the strongest predictors of systolic pulmonary artery pressure in association with the mitral E/A ratio (p = 0.006) and age (p = 0.005). In conclusion, pulmonary hypertension is common and variable in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. It is closely related to diastolic dysfunction and severity of functional mitral regurgitation but not independently to the degree of left ventricular systolic dysfunction. These findings underline the importance of assessing diastolic function and quantifying mitral regurgitation in patients with left ventricular dysfunction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Cardiologia (Rome, Italy)|
|State||Published - Oct 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine