Determinants of left ventricular diastolic function and exertional symptoms in adults with coarctation of aorta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Coarctation of aorta (COA) results in chronic left ventricular (LV) pressure overload and subsequently leads to LV diastolic dysfunction and heart failure over time. The goal of COA intervention is to prevent these complications. The timing of COA interventions is based on the presence of these COA severity indices: doppler mean COA gradient, systolic blood pressure, upper-to-lower-extremity SBP gradient, aortic isthmus ratio, presence of collaterals, and exercise-induced hypertension. Although these indices are physiologically intuitive, the relationship between these indices and LV diastolic dysfunction and exertional symptoms has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between the indices of COA severity and LV diastolic function and symptoms. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, multivariate linear and logistic regression analyses were used to assess the correlation between indices of COA severity, LV diastolic function (average e' and E/e'), and exertional symptoms (NYHA II-IV and peak oxygen consumption). RESULTS: Of all the COA indices analyzed in 546 adult COA patients, aortic isthmus ratio had the strongest correlation with e' (β [95% CI]: 3.11 [2.02-4.31]; P=0.014) per 1 cm/second; E/e' (-13.4 [-22.3 to -4.81]; P=0.009) per 1 unit; peak oxygen consumption (4.05 [1.97-6.59] per 1% change, P=0.019), and NYHA II to IV symptoms (odds ratio, 2.16 [1.65-3.18]; P=0.006). CONCLUSIONS: Of all the COA severity indices stipulated in the guidelines, aortic isthmus ratio had the strongest correlation with LV diastolic function and exertional symptoms. As LV diastolic dysfunction typically precede heart failure symptoms, we anticipate that the results of this study will improve and simplify patient selection for COA intervention and potentially improve long-term outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere006651
JournalCirculation: Heart Failure
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

Keywords

  • Aorta
  • Cross-sectional studies
  • Heart failure
  • Hypertension
  • Odds ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Determinants of left ventricular diastolic function and exertional symptoms in adults with coarctation of aorta'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this