Detection of monoclonal plasma cells in the peripheral blood stem cell harvests of patients with multiple myeloma

Thomas E. Witzig, Morie A. Gertz, Alvaro A. Pineda, Robert A. Kyle, Philip R. Greipp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated the harvest product from 47 patients undergoing peripheral blood (BP) stem cell collections for monoclonal plasma cells (PC) using a sensitive immunofluorescence technique. 60% (28/47) had docu mented tumour cells in the apheresis product. The 32 patients in plateau had a mean of 1.62 x 106 PC/1 v 74.64 x 106 in 15 relapsed patients (P < 0.01). 32% (6/19) of patients without any tumour cells in the initial sample had them detected on a subsequent apheresis sample. In four cases (all treated with GM‐CSF) small numbers of tumour cells were detected initially but became undetectable on a subsequent sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)640-642
Number of pages3
JournalBritish journal of haematology
Volume89
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1995

Keywords

  • autologous transplant
  • multiple myeloma
  • stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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