Background: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) has been classified into type 1 and type 2 subtypes. Serum immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) elevation characterizes type 1 AIP. Type 2 AIP and a subset of type 1 AIP are seronegative, i.e., have normal serum IgG4 levels. Aim: We compared the profiles of the three subsets of AIP to identify the unique characteristics of seronegative type 1 AIP and type 2 AIP. Methods: We compared the clinical profiles of 69 seropositive type 1 AIP patients, 21 seronegative type 1 AIP patients and 22 type 2 AIP patients. Results: Among type 1 AIP, seronegative group had similar clinical profiles when compared to seropositive group except that they were more likely to undergo surgical resection than seropositive patients (p < 0.001). Seronegative type I AIP patients were older (61.9 ± 13.7 vs 45.3 ± 17.4; p < 0.004), and differed in the occurrence of other organ involvement (OOI) (71.4% vs 0%; p lt; 0.001) and disease relapse (33.3% vs 0%; p < 0.005) when compared with type 2 AIP. All seronegative type 1 AIP patients had at least one of the following eOOI, disease relapse, and age >50 years while none of the type 2 AIP had OOI or disease relapse. Conclusions: Seronegative and seropositive type 1 AIP patients have similar clinical profiles, which are distinct from that of type 2 AIP. Among the seronegative AIP group, patients are more likely to have type 1 AIP rather than type 2 AIP if they are older than 50 years or have OOI or disease relapse.
- Chronic pancreatitis
- Steroid therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism