Demographic, Behavioral, and Physical Correlates of Body Esteem Among Low-Income Female Adolescents

Ilyse S. Kornblau, Heidi C. Pearson, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To examine demographic, behavioral, and physical correlates of body esteem among female adolescents of lower socioeconomic background. Methods: Data were collected in a women's health clinic in southeast Texas as part of a larger investigation. A total of 271 female individuals aged 16-21 years completed the Body Esteem Scale (BES), which yields scores for total body esteem, sexual attractiveness, weight concern, and physical condition. Participants answered questions regarding smoking and the presence of acne. Height and weight were measured by a nurse using standard instrumentation and technique. Of the participants, 35% were African-American, 31% white, and 34% Hispanic; and 48% reported an annual household income less than $20,000. The mean body mass index (BMI) was 26.1 (SD = 6.5). Results: Race/ethnicity was associated with total body esteem, sexual attractiveness, weight esteem, and physical condition (all p < .01). African-American participants demonstrated greater body esteem on all scales relative to white participants. Adolescents reporting annual household incomes less than $20,000 (vs. greater) demonstrated higher overall body esteem, sexual attractiveness, and physical condition (all p < .01). Current smokers (vs. non-smokers) reported lower physical condition (p < .01), lower weight concern (p < .05), and lower overall body esteem (p < .02). BMI was associated with weight concern (p < .001) and total body esteem (p = .05). Adolescents reporting acne (vs. not) reported lower scores for total body esteem, sexual attractiveness, and weight concern (all p < .05). Conclusions: Body esteem among adolescent females is affected by demographic, physical, and behavioral variables. Results highlight the importance of measuring multiple dimensions of body esteem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)566-570
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Body esteem
  • Body mass index
  • Females
  • Race/ethnicity
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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