Deficiency of Dol-P-Man Synthase Subunit DPM3 Bridges the Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation with the Dystroglycanopathies

Dirk J. Lefeber, Johannes Schönberger, Eva Morava, Mailys Guillard, Karin M. Huyben, Kiek Verrijp, Olga Grafakou, Athanasios Evangeliou, Frank W. Preijers, Panagiota Manta, Jef Yildiz, Stephanie Grünewald, Martha Spilioti, Christa van den Elzen, Dominique Klein, Daniel Hess, Hisashi Ashida, Jan Hofsteenge, Yusuke Maeda, Lambert van den HeuvelMartin Lammens, Ludwig Lehle, Ron A. Wevers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

151 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alpha-dystroglycanopathies such as Walker Warburg syndrome represent an important subgroup of the muscular dystrophies that have been related to defective O-mannosylation of alpha-dystroglycan. In many patients, the underlying genetic etiology remains unsolved. Isolated muscular dystrophy has not been described in the congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) caused by N-linked protein glycosylation defects. Here, we present a genetic N-glycosylation disorder with muscular dystrophy in the group of CDG type I. Extensive biochemical investigations revealed a strongly reduced dolichol-phosphate-mannose (Dol-P-Man) synthase activity. Sequencing of the three DPM subunits and complementation of DPM3-deficient CHO2.38 cells showed a pathogenic p.L85S missense mutation in the strongly conserved coiled-coil domain of DPM3 that tethers catalytic DPM1 to the ER membrane. Cotransfection experiments in CHO cells showed a reduced binding capacity of DPM3(L85S) for DPM1. Investigation of the four Dol-P-Man-dependent glycosylation pathways in the ER revealed strongly reduced O-mannosylation of alpha-dystroglycan in a muscle biopsy, thereby explaining the clinical phenotype of muscular dystrophy. This mild Dol-P-Man biosynthesis defect due to DPM3 mutations is a cause for alpha-dystroglycanopathy, thereby bridging the congenital disorders of glycosylation with the dystroglycanopathies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-86
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican journal of human genetics
Volume85
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 10 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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