Deep Learning Prediction of Mild Cognitive Impairment using Electronic Health Records

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

About 44.4 million people have been diagnosed with dementia worldwide, and it is estimated that this number will be almost tripled by 2050. Predicting mild cognitive impairment (MCI), an intermediate state between normal cognition and dementia and an important risk factor for the development of dementia is crucial in aging populations. MCI is formally determined by health professionals through a comprehensive cognitive evaluation, together with a clinical examination, medical history and often the input of an informant (an individual that know the patient very well). However, this is not routinely performed in primary care visits, and could result in a significant delay in diagnosis. In this study, we used deep learning and machine learning techniques to predict the progression from cognitively unimpaired to MCI and also to analyze the potential for patient clustering using routinely-collected electronic health records (EHRs). Our analysis of EHRs indicates that temporal characteristics of patient data incorporated in a deep learning model provides increased power in predicting MCI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019
EditorsIllhoi Yoo, Jinbo Bi, Xiaohua Tony Hu
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages799-806
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781728118673
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019
Event2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Nov 18 2019Nov 21 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019

Conference

Conference2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period11/18/1911/21/19

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • deep learning
  • dementia
  • machine learning
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • recurrent neural networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Health Informatics
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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  • Cite this

    Fouladvand, S., Mielke, M. M., Vassilaki, M., St Sauver, J., Petersen, R. C., & Sohn, S. (2019). Deep Learning Prediction of Mild Cognitive Impairment using Electronic Health Records. In I. Yoo, J. Bi, & X. T. Hu (Eds.), Proceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019 (pp. 799-806). [8982955] (Proceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/BIBM47256.2019.8982955