Decreased incidence of acute rejection in adolescent kidney transplant recipients using antithymocyte induction and triple immunosuppression

Jason J. Schwartz, Michael B. Ishitani, Jody Weckwerth, Bruce Morgenstern, Dawn Milliner, Mark D. Stegall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Acute rejection is a frequent event in pediatric renal transplantation; it can diminish allograft function and affect long-term outcome. Recent data from the North American Pediatric Renal Transplant Cooperative Study indicates that the rate of acute rejection remains high despite current immunosuppressive regimens. METHODS. In this retrospective series, we examined 37 pediatric renal transplant recipients who received induction doses of antithymocyte globulin combined with maintenance immunotherapy using tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and prednisone. The postoperative course was reviewed for initial and total hospital stay, number of rehospitalizations, evidence of posttransplant complications, graft fibrosis, and overall patient and graft survival. RESULTS. Three episodes of acute rejection (8.1%) were recorded in the first year posttransplant. The median initial hospital stay for patients receiving a kidney transplant was 8 days. Patient and graft survival were 100% and 91.9% at 1 year, respectively. The incidence of viral infection (cytomegalovirus, BK virus, and Epstein-Barr virus) and posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease remained low. Urinary tract infection and fluid and electrolyte complications were the main causes of posttransplant hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS. We conclude that induction with antithymocyte globulin and maintenance immunosuppression with tacrolimus, mycophenolate, and prednisone should be considered a valuable tool in the management of children undergoing renal transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)715-721
Number of pages7
JournalTransplantation
Volume84
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007

Keywords

  • Acute rejection
  • Antithymocyte globulin
  • Chronic rejection
  • Induction
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Pediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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