Decreased Immunosuppression Associated with Antitumor Activity of 5-Deoxy-5-fluorouridine Compared to 5-Fluorouracil and 5-Fluorouridine

Kevin M. Connolly, Robert B. Diasio, R. Douglas Armstrong, Alan M. Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

5-Fluorouracil (5-FUra), 5-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5'dFUrd), and 5-fluorouridine were compared for their relative antitumor activity, their capacity to inhibit leukocyte exudation and macrophage (MΦ) killing of tumor cells in vivo and in vitro, and their ability to induce leukopenia and monocytopenia. 5'dFUrd was less toxic than 5-FUra and exhibited anti-Ehrlich ascites activity over a wider range of drug doses. Inflammatory exudates induced by thioglycollate or pyran were inhibited up to 91% by prior 5-FUra injection but were inhibited not more than 62% by 5'dFUrd. Pyran-induced MΦinhibition of Ehrlich ascites proliferation in vivo was diminished up to 5-fold by 5-FUra but was never diminished more than 2-fold by 5'dFUrd, while neither agent suppressed in vitro MΦcytotoxicity of in vivo pyran-activated MΦ. At high doses, 5-FUra reduced white blood cell counts 73%, in contrast to the 8% reduction caused by 5'dFUrd, while at their optimal anti-Ehrlich ascites doses, 5-FUra and 5'dFUrd both lowered white blood cell counts by only 20%. However, 5-FUra caused a severe monocytopenia not seen in animals given injections of comparable doses of 5'dFUrd. Therefore, 5-FUra appeared to inhibit the inflammatory response and antitumor activity by inhibiting the influx of immature MΦinto the peritoneal cavity, not by inhibiting the function of mature effector cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2529-2535
Number of pages7
JournalCancer research
Volume43
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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