Pauci-immune glomerulonephritis in the native kidney presents with renal insufficiency, proteinuria, and hematuria, and is usually due to anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies. Rarely, kidney transplants can show this pattern as de novo disease. We performed a retrospective analysis in 10 cases of de novo pauci-immune glomerulonephritis. The mean time from transplant to diagnostic biopsy was 32 months (range, 4–96). All biopsies showed focal necrotizing or crescentic glomerulonephritis (mean 16% glomeruli, range 2–36%). Immunofluorescence and electron microscopy showed a pauci-immune pattern. No patients had evidence of systemic vasculitis. Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody results were available for 7 patients and were negative in all but one. Most patients had functioning grafts at one year after diagnosis. Two patients had repeat biopsies that showed continued active glomerulonephritis. We report the first clinicopathologic series of de novo pauci-immune glomerulonephritis which appears to be a unique pathologic entity that may occur early or late post-transplant and in our cohort is not associated with systemic vasculitis and usually not associated with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies. The degree of crescent formation and renal impairment are milder than those of pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis in the native kidney.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine