De novo AL amyloidosis in the kidney allograft

Q. Qian, S. H. Nasr, M. E. Fidler, L. D. Cornell, Sanjeev Sethi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report four cases of de novo amyloidosis occurring after 16, 18, 28 and 31 years following kidney transplantation. These patients presented with proteinuria and progressive allograft dysfunction. Kidney biopsy showed AL amyloidosis in all compartments of the allograft kidney. Serumimmunofixation studies revealed monoclonal lambda light chains in all four cases. Bone marrow examination showed 10% plasma cells in one case, 5-10% in two cases and less than 5% in one case. Two patients died unexpectedly within 3 months and 1 year of the diagnosis of allograft AL amyloidosis. Of the remaining two, one underwent autologous stem cell transplant that resulted in complete hematologic remission. However, the patient relapsed within 2 years and also developed progressive kidney allograft failure. The patient received a second autologous stem cell transplant with complete hematologic response, followed by a second kidney transplant, which showed no evidence of amyloid at 1-year posttransplant. The remaining casewas treated with prednisone and bortezomib, which has stabilized kidney function in the short term. In conclusion, this study shows that AL amyloidosis is an uncommon but important cause of late onset proteinuria in the kidney allograft that results in kidney allograft failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)606-612
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

Keywords

  • AL amyloidosis
  • Allograft
  • De novo amyloidosis
  • Kidney transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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