Repeated administration of growth hormone secretagogues (GHSs) has proven to be a delicate matter owing to development of tolerance. The aim of the present study was to define conditions during which the responsiveness to the orally active NN703 was maintained over several days. Growing pigs were fitted with stomach and vascular catheters, permitting unstressed intragastric administrations and blood sampling. NN703 or vehicle was administered once daily. When NN703 was given at a dose of 18 mg/kg, there was a massive acute increase in plasma growth hormone (GH) levels, but this was only seen on the first day of administration. A dose of 1.8 mg/kg did not cause a significant acute increase in plasma GH concentrations, whereas stimulation of pulsatile GH release was sustained over a 4-d period. During the first 7 h following injection of vehicle, the area under the curve of plasma GH was 1211 ± 144 (μg/[L·7 h]), but increased to 1770 ± 269 and 1824 ± 198 (μg/[L·7 h]) on the first and fourth day of NN703 administration, respectively. Deconvolution analysis of the 7-h profiles revealed that the GH mass per burst as well as the GH burst amplitude were significantly (p < 0.001) increased during treatment with NN703, which led to an increase in pulsatile GH secretion rate (p < 0.001). Insulin-like growth factor-1 plasma concentrations increased steadily during NN703 administration (p < 0.01) and decreased after termination of treatment. The sustained increase in GH pulsatility observed with low-dose NN703 treatment suggests that development of tolerance to this GHS may be obviated by minimization of dose.
- Growth hormone
- Growth hormone secretagogues
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism