Cytokine indices in Alzheimer's temporal cortex: no changes in mature IL-1β or IL-1RA but increases in the associated acute phase proteins IL-6, α2-macroglobulin and C-reactive protein

Julie A. Wood, Paul L. Wood, Randall Ryan, Neill R. Graff-Radford, Carmencita Pilapil, Yves Robitaille, Remi Quirion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

207 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent immunocytochemical data have demonstrated increases in interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and the IL-6-inducible acute phase protein, α2-macroglobulin (α2-M), in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. We investigated the levels of these proteins quantitatively using ELISA procedures and determined if increases in IL-1β were compensated for by a parallel increase in the endogenous interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA). Comparing control vs. Alzheimer's temporal cortex, we examined mature IL-1β, IL-1RA, IL-6, α2-M and C-reactive protein (CRP). The specificities of the ELISA procedures were verified by serial dilutions of the samples; by chromatofocusing, and by Sephadex G-150 gel filtration. There were no differences in the levels of mature IL-1β or IL-1RA in AD and control brains. However, IL-6 levels were detectable in 14 of the 16 Alzheimer samples but only 2 of the 14 control samples. There were also significant increases seen in α2-M and CRP levels in the Alzheimer's group compared to controls. These data support previous studies demonstrating a possible up-regulation of neuroimmune function in Alzheimer's cortex; however, we cannot determine, at this time, if this immune reaction is initiated by IL-1β.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-252
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research
Volume629
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 1993

Keywords

  • Acute phase protein
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • C-reactive protein
  • Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist
  • Interleukin-1β
  • Interleukin-6
  • α2-Macroglobulin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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