Cyclosporine nephrotoxicity in spontaneously hypertensive rats

N. S. Nahman, Fernando G Cosio, J. D. Mahan, M. L. Henry, R. M. Ferguson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the present study, we investigated the combined, nephrotoxic effects of cyclosporine (CsA) and hypertension in young, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). After 4 weeks of CsA therapy, SHR, compared with oil-treated SHR, showed an acceleration in the development of hypertension, mild renal insufficiency, and the accumulation of periodic-acid-Schiff-positive (PAS [+]) material in periglomerular arterioles. By electron microscopy, PAS(+) material was composed of intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies consistent with the accumulation of renin granules. This finding was demonstrated in SHR after 4 weeks of CsA therapy but not after 8 weeks of therapy. By contrast, CsA had no significant effect on blood pressure in Wistar-Kyoto rats, a normotensive control. To investigate the effect of unilateral nephrectomy (UNx) on the development of renal histopathologic changes in this model, SHR were subjected tu uninephrectomy and CsA or oil therapy. UNx accelerated the development of hypertension in all SHR groups. SHR subjected to UNx demonstrated no renal histopathologic changes after CsA or oil treatment. In conclusion, CsA accelerates the development of hypertension in SHR, and this effect is probably renin-mediated. The combination of UNx and CsA therapy in the SHR does not result in significant renal histologic damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)768-772
Number of pages5
JournalTransplantation
Volume45
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Transplantation

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