Cycloheximide alters axonal transport and subcellular distribution of dopamine β hydroxylase activity

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Abstract

Administration of cycloheximide, 10 mg/kg s.c. led within 4 h to an approx 30% reduction of dopamine β hydroxylase (DBH) activity in the abdominal portion of rat sciatic nerves. At least two more hours elapsed before DBH activity in the distal part of these nerves began to fall. This pattern suggests reduced synthesis or delivery of DBH into axons but continued transport of previously delivered enzyme. Coinciding with the time at which DBH activity began to fall in distal segments of sciatic nerve, there was a marked reduction in the accumulation of DBH activity above a ligature in this region. Between 4 and 8 h after administration of cycloheximide, 10 mg/kg, accumulation above a ligature was 70% less than in untreated nerves (P < 0.001), a reduction significantly greater (P < 0.05) than the accompanying 28% loss of baseline DBH activity. At the same time, the clearance of DBH activity from nerve regions distal to a ligature was greatly reduced. This pattern is consistent with the depletion of a minor but rapidly transported compartment of DBH. Six hours after administration of cycloheximide, 10 mg/kg, the apparent subcellular distribution of DBH in distal regions of sciatic nerve was altered by a significant 36% loss in sedimentable DBH activity, with non significant changes in other fractions. This suggests that rapidly transported DBH, depleted from the nerve by cycloheximide induced inhibition of protein synthesis, is more highly associated with intraneuronal particles than is slowly transported or stationary DBH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-40
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume26
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1976

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Axonal Transport
Cycloheximide
Mixed Function Oxygenases
Dopamine
Sciatic Nerve
Ligation
Axons
Rats
Enzymes
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

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title = "Cycloheximide alters axonal transport and subcellular distribution of dopamine β hydroxylase activity",
abstract = "Administration of cycloheximide, 10 mg/kg s.c. led within 4 h to an approx 30{\%} reduction of dopamine β hydroxylase (DBH) activity in the abdominal portion of rat sciatic nerves. At least two more hours elapsed before DBH activity in the distal part of these nerves began to fall. This pattern suggests reduced synthesis or delivery of DBH into axons but continued transport of previously delivered enzyme. Coinciding with the time at which DBH activity began to fall in distal segments of sciatic nerve, there was a marked reduction in the accumulation of DBH activity above a ligature in this region. Between 4 and 8 h after administration of cycloheximide, 10 mg/kg, accumulation above a ligature was 70{\%} less than in untreated nerves (P < 0.001), a reduction significantly greater (P < 0.05) than the accompanying 28{\%} loss of baseline DBH activity. At the same time, the clearance of DBH activity from nerve regions distal to a ligature was greatly reduced. This pattern is consistent with the depletion of a minor but rapidly transported compartment of DBH. Six hours after administration of cycloheximide, 10 mg/kg, the apparent subcellular distribution of DBH in distal regions of sciatic nerve was altered by a significant 36{\%} loss in sedimentable DBH activity, with non significant changes in other fractions. This suggests that rapidly transported DBH, depleted from the nerve by cycloheximide induced inhibition of protein synthesis, is more highly associated with intraneuronal particles than is slowly transported or stationary DBH.",
author = "Brimijoin, {William Stephen}",
year = "1976",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "35--40",
journal = "Journal of Neurochemistry",
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T1 - Cycloheximide alters axonal transport and subcellular distribution of dopamine β hydroxylase activity

AU - Brimijoin, William Stephen

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N2 - Administration of cycloheximide, 10 mg/kg s.c. led within 4 h to an approx 30% reduction of dopamine β hydroxylase (DBH) activity in the abdominal portion of rat sciatic nerves. At least two more hours elapsed before DBH activity in the distal part of these nerves began to fall. This pattern suggests reduced synthesis or delivery of DBH into axons but continued transport of previously delivered enzyme. Coinciding with the time at which DBH activity began to fall in distal segments of sciatic nerve, there was a marked reduction in the accumulation of DBH activity above a ligature in this region. Between 4 and 8 h after administration of cycloheximide, 10 mg/kg, accumulation above a ligature was 70% less than in untreated nerves (P < 0.001), a reduction significantly greater (P < 0.05) than the accompanying 28% loss of baseline DBH activity. At the same time, the clearance of DBH activity from nerve regions distal to a ligature was greatly reduced. This pattern is consistent with the depletion of a minor but rapidly transported compartment of DBH. Six hours after administration of cycloheximide, 10 mg/kg, the apparent subcellular distribution of DBH in distal regions of sciatic nerve was altered by a significant 36% loss in sedimentable DBH activity, with non significant changes in other fractions. This suggests that rapidly transported DBH, depleted from the nerve by cycloheximide induced inhibition of protein synthesis, is more highly associated with intraneuronal particles than is slowly transported or stationary DBH.

AB - Administration of cycloheximide, 10 mg/kg s.c. led within 4 h to an approx 30% reduction of dopamine β hydroxylase (DBH) activity in the abdominal portion of rat sciatic nerves. At least two more hours elapsed before DBH activity in the distal part of these nerves began to fall. This pattern suggests reduced synthesis or delivery of DBH into axons but continued transport of previously delivered enzyme. Coinciding with the time at which DBH activity began to fall in distal segments of sciatic nerve, there was a marked reduction in the accumulation of DBH activity above a ligature in this region. Between 4 and 8 h after administration of cycloheximide, 10 mg/kg, accumulation above a ligature was 70% less than in untreated nerves (P < 0.001), a reduction significantly greater (P < 0.05) than the accompanying 28% loss of baseline DBH activity. At the same time, the clearance of DBH activity from nerve regions distal to a ligature was greatly reduced. This pattern is consistent with the depletion of a minor but rapidly transported compartment of DBH. Six hours after administration of cycloheximide, 10 mg/kg, the apparent subcellular distribution of DBH in distal regions of sciatic nerve was altered by a significant 36% loss in sedimentable DBH activity, with non significant changes in other fractions. This suggests that rapidly transported DBH, depleted from the nerve by cycloheximide induced inhibition of protein synthesis, is more highly associated with intraneuronal particles than is slowly transported or stationary DBH.

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