Cyclin D1 expression in peripheral T-cell lymphomas

Joo Y. Song, Liping Song, Alex F. Herrera, Girish Venkataraman, Joyce L. Murata-Collins, Victoria H. Bedell, Yuan Yuan Chen, Young S. Kim, Reda Tadros, Bharat N. Nathwani, Dennis D. Weisenburger, Andrew L. Feldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cyclin D1 is an important regulator of the cell cycle and overexpression of this protein by immunohistochemistry is characteristically seen in mantle cell lymphoma and other B-cell neoplasms. However, little is known about the expression of this protein in T-cell lymphomas. Cyclin-dependent kinase pathway inhibitors are in development, therefore identifying cyclin D1-positive T-cell lymphomas may provide a therapeutic target in a disease where novel treatments are urgently needed. We collected 200 peripheral T-cell lymphomas from three institutions including the following types of cases: 34 anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALK+, 44 anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALK negative, 68 peripheral T-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified, 24 angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphomas, 7 extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, 4 enteropathy associated T-cell lymphomas, 3 hepatosplenic T-cell lymphomas, 12 cutaneous T-cell lymphomas, and 4 large granular lymphocytic leukemias. Immunohistochemical stains for cyclin D1 protein (SP4 clone) were performed on paraffin-embedded tissue. In a subset of cases, IGH/CCND1 fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis was also performed. Cyclin D1 staining was predominantly seen in anaplastic large cell lymphoma, including 8 of 34 cases with ALK+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma (24%), and 3 of 44 cases of ALK-negative (7%) anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Three cases of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, were also positive (3/68, 4%). All other T-cell lymphomas were negative for cyclin D1. In four of the cyclin D1-positive T-cell lymphomas by immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis was negative for IGH/CCND1 translocation or extra copies of the CCND1 gene. Cyclin D1 overexpression by immunohistochemistry is not limited to B-cell lymphomas and is also observed in some peripheral T-cell lymphomas, particularly in anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALK+. Cyclin D1 expression was not associated with extra copies or translocation of the CCND1 gene. Cyclin D1 overexpression may be the result of a post-translational phenomenon and may represent a potential therapeutic target using agents that target the cyclin-dependent kinase pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1306-1312
Number of pages7
JournalModern Pathology
Volume29
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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