Ly108, a glycoprotein of the signaling lymphocytic activation molecule family of cell surface receptors expressed by T, B, NK, and APCs has been shown to have a role in NK cell cytotoxicity and T cell cytokine responses. In this study, we describe that CD4+ T cells from mice with a targeted disruption of exons 2 and 3 of Ly108 (Ly108ΔE2+3) produce significantly less IL-4 than wild-type CD4+ cells, as judged by in vitro assays and by in vivo responses to cutaneous infection with Leishmania mexicana. Surprisingly, neutrophil functions are controlled by Ly108. Ly108 ΔE2+3 mice are highly susceptible to infection with Salmonella typhimurium, bactericidal activity of Ly108ΔE2+3 neutrophils is defective, and their production of IL-6, IL-12, and TNF-α is increased. The aberrant bactericidal activity by Ly108ΔE2+3 neutrophils is a consequence of severely reduced production of reactive oxygen species following phagocytosis of bacteria. Thus, Ly108 serves as a regulator of both innate and adaptive immune responses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy