Mantle-cell lymphoma (MCL) is now recognized as a distinct clinicopathologic subtype of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Patients with MCL are typically older adults with a male predominance and usually present with stage IV disease. The cells are characterized as CD20+ CD5 + CD23- with a t(11;14)(q13;q32) and cyclin D1 overexpression on immunohistochemistry. Response to chemotherapy usually results in a tumor response but unmaintained remissions are short and the median survival is 3 to 4 years. The treatment approach to newly diagnosed patients with MCL depends on the patient's eligibility for stem cell transplantation (SCT). Those who are eligible are usually treated with either rituximab-CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) followed by SCT or rituximab-HyperCVAD (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, decadron, cytarabine, and methotrexate) followed by observation. The purine nucleoside analogues also have activity as single agents and with rituximab. Unfortunately none of these approaches can definitively cure patients with MCL, and new agents are needed. Recent studies in patients with relapsed MCL have shown substantial antitumor activity of single-agent bortezomib, single-agent temsirolimus, and the combination of thalidomide and rituximab. Studies integrating these novel agents earlier in the disease course or in combination with each other will hopefully produce more durable responses with less toxicity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research