Breast pain is a commonly experienced symptom in women of all ages and can significantly impact quality of life. Fear of cancer prompts many patients to report their pain, although risk for malignancy is low in the absence of a palpable mass or other abnormal finding on breast examination. All patients with breast pain should have a thorough history and physical examination to determine if diagnostic imaging is indicated. Management of breast pain without anatomic or radiographic abnormalities depends on pain type and severity. Often, no intervention is required. However, for women with pain that adversely impacts daily living, short-term therapies may be considered. For mild to moderate pain, a trial of conservative, nonpharmacologic strategies should be tried first. For those with severe symptoms impacting quality of life, a trial of pharmacologic therapy can be considered after appropriate counseling for medication-related adverse effects. Herein, we have provided a concise summary of a generalized approach to classification, assessment, and management of breast pain.
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